Is a resolution of the ECJ needed before the compatibility of EU law with the ECHR is judged by the ECtHR? – ¿Es necesario un pronunciamiento del TJUE antes de que el TEDH pueda examinar si el Derecho comunitario es compatible con el Convenio Europeo de Derechos Humanos?

Is a resolution of the ECJ needed before the compatibility of EU law with the ECHR is judged by the ECtHR?¿Es necesario un pronunciamiento del TJUE antes de que el TEDH pueda examinar si el Derecho comunitario es compatible con el Convenio Europeo de Derechos Humanos?

Now that the negotiations between the EU and the Council of Europe are resumed regarding accession of the European Union to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights is a good ocasion to remember two relevant papers: the “Discussion document of the Court of Justice of the European Union on certain aspects of the accession of the European Union to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms” and the “Joint communication from the Presidents of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union, further to the meeting between the two courts in January 2011”.

The second document points out that, in case of “applications against acts adopted by the authorities of the Member States of the EU for the application or implementation of EU law”, … “a procedure should be put in place, in connection with the accession of the EU to the Convention, which is flexible and would ensure that the CJEU may carry out an internal review before the ECHR carries out external review. The implementation of such a procedure, which does not require an amendment to the Convention, should take account of the characteristics of the judicial review which are specific to the two courts. In that regard, it is important that the types of cases which may be brought before the CJEU are clearly defined”.

Many thanks to Tom O’Shea for the tip.

El restablecimiento de negociaciones entre la Unión Europea y el Consejo de Europa para la incorporación de aquella al Convenio Europeo de Derechos humanos es una buena ocasión para recordar dos declaraciones de particular interés: el “Documento de reflexión del Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea sobre ciertos aspectos de la adhesión de la Unión Europea al Convenio europeo para la protección de los derechos humanos y de las libertades fundamentales” y la “Declaración conjunta de los Presidentes del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos y del Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea, tras el encuentro entre ambos órganos jurisdiccionales en enero de 2011”.

El segundo documento, disponible sólo en inglés y en francés, destaca que, en los casos en que se impugnen actos de los Estados miembros relativos a la aplicación o implementación del Derecho comunitario, deberá establecerse un procedimiento que garantice el examen del asunto por parte del Tribunal de Justicia de la UE antes de que pueda pronunciarse el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos.

Muchas gracias a Tom O’Shea por la información.

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